Fashion can become 80% circular through pre-competitive collaboration to scale textile recycling

By Constance Beswick

Share This

New research demonstrates the potential for pre-competitive collaboration to scale textile recycling technologies

The textile recycling opportunity offers the potential to drive up to 80% circularity in the fashion value chain, whilst also creating jobs and value for investors 

Scaling textile recycling could build a 10 – 20 bn USD market. 

All major recycling technologies found to have better environmental impact across several indicators

The Circular Fashion Partnership programme in Bangladesh has demonstrated how industry actors can work together to overcome barriers to scaling nascent recycling markets

Findings will be explored in an online event at 11.00 CET / 16.00 BDT today 


22 November 2021: In the aftermath of COP26, Global Fashion Agenda (GFA) , the leading non-profit for industry collaboration on sustainability in fashion has published Scaling Circularity – a new report which reveals the opportunities and investment required to scale circular fashion systems.

The report, written with GFA’s Strategic Knowledge Partner, McKinsey & Company, concludes that the fashion industry could become 80% circular by 2030 if there is increased investment in existing recycling technologies and infrastructures. It demonstrates that pre-competitive collaborations can play a critical role in accelerating the industry’s transition to sustainable and inclusive growth, focusing on the case study of textile recycling.

The findings are based on independent analysis and learnings from the Circular Fashion Partnership in Bangladesh – a cross-sectoral project to scale post-industrial recycling and capture textile value domestically in Bangladesh – one of the largest garment producing countries in the world.

The research focuses on textile recycling and explains that major recycling technologies deliver better environmental outcomes across GHG emissions, water depletion and land use. Plus, all technologies have the potential to be more cost effective than using corresponding virgin materials if they are scaled.

Current technologies have the potential to deliver 75% textile-to-textile recycling into the fashion system, and a further 5% recycled feedstock from other industries. To deliver this scenario, the sector requires at least 5-7bn capital investment in recycling technologies by 2026, as well as further mobilisation of capital towards collection and sorting infrastructure.

The research indicates the business case for investing in recycling infrastructure is attractive if there is greater transparency of the demand for recycled materials and the consistent supply of traceable high-quality feedstock. Through convening influential players throughout the fashion value cycle, developing traceability of waste streams and aligning on mutual incentives, pre-competitive collaborations play a unique role in assuring supply, demand and attracting commercial investment where it is needed at pace. The Circular Fashion Partnership demonstrates this.

Federica Marchionni, CEO, Global Fashion Agenda, said: “This research proves that the necessary recycling technologies exist, deliver huge improvements in environmental impact and that the economics work at scale.  The challenge is providing conditions for scaling. With sufficient investment, supportive policies, and by enabling pre-competitive collaborations, I am optimistic that we can create a profitable circular system and accelerate fashion’s journey to net zero.”

Karl-Hendrik Magnus, Senior Partner and the Leader of the Apparel, Fashion & Luxury GroupMcKinsey & Company, said: “Textile recycling must be rapidly scaled to help the fashion industry remain on a 1.5°C pathway. This report emphasises the often-overlooked opportunity for textile recycling in post-industrial waste. It highlights the power of industry stakeholders working together to accelerate change. The Circular Fashion Partnership is proof of the power of pre-competitive collaboration, and its model for impact should be replicated and scaled.”


Putting circularity into practice in Bangladesh:

The report presents learnings from the Circular Fashion Partnership in Bangladesh. * Since its launch in October 2020, the partnership used the Reverse Resources SaaS platform to map and trace over 1000 tonnes of textile waste in Bangladesh. It is expected to reach over 200 tonnes a month by the end of 2021 – a significant achievement in the context of the global pandemic. The analysis showcases the strong case for scaling this model to other markets including Vietnam, Turkey, India, Malaysia, Indonesia and Bangladesh, claiming there is a 4.5 billion USD opportunity.

The case study also illuminates the critical actions needed to overcome the barriers to scaling systems including: formalising the informal waste management sector, providing alternatives to current use-cases for textile waste and assuring supply of quality feedstock and demand for recycling output.


Join us to digest the findings: 

The Scaling Circularity findings will be explored further in an online event today at 11.00 CET / 16.00 BDT. Speakers include Mr. Faiyaz Murshid Kazi, Director General (West Europe & European Union), Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Bangladesh, Mumit Hasan, Head of Operations, Bangladesh, Reverse Resources, Jasmin Malik Chua, Sourcing and Labor Editor, Sourcing Journal, Peder Michael, Pruzan-Jorgensen, Interim Chief Impact Officer and report co-author Holly Syrett, Director of Impact Programmes & Sustainability at Global Fashion Agenda, Irene Maffini, Sustainable Investment Expert, Martin Stenfors, COO, Renewcell, Corinne Sawers, Associate Partner, McKinsey & Company and more.

Register for the event here.

Find out more at


Share This

Other News Articles

    Reflecting on 15 Years of Global Fashion Summit

    Fifteen years ago, Global Fashion Summit, presented by Global Fashion Agenda, emerged as a beacon of inspiration in an industry grappling with its environmental and social impacts.

    Her Majesty The Queen of Denmark announces her Patronage of Global Fashion Agenda

    Global Fashion Agenda is honoured to be included among Her Majesty The Queen of Denmark’s official patronages announced today.

    Unlocking the Next Level: Esteemed fashion leaders assemble in Copenhagen to catalyse and accelerate sustainability progress

    On 21-23 May, Global Fashion Summit: Copenhagen Edition 2024 assembled over 1000 esteemed representatives from brands, retailers, NGOs, policy, manufacturers, and innovators from both the fashion and adjacent industries to unlock the next level of su